【公共英语|PETS四级】2020年四级完型填空练习题(六)

更新时间:2021-02-23 10:16:48作者:进步多学习网

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health.” But ___1____some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness Laughter does ___2___short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, ____3___ heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard laughter is difficult to ___4___, a good laugh is unlikely to have ___5___benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does.

  ___6____, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the ___7___, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter___8___ muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down.

  Such bodily reaction might conceivably help ___9___the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of ___10___ feedback, that improve an individual’s emotional state. ___11___one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted ___12___ physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry ___13___they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow.

  Although sadness also ___14___ tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow ______15_________ muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to ____16____ a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile – or with their lips, which would produce a(n) ____17____ expression. Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles ___18___ more exuberantly to funny cartons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, ___19___ that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around ___20___ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.

  1.[A]among [B]except [C]despite [D]like

  2.[A]reflect [B]demand [C]indicate [D]produce

  3.[A]stabilizing [B]boosting [C]impairing [D]determining

  4.[A]transmit [B]sustain [C]evaluate [D]observe

  5.[A]measurable [B]manageable [C]affordable [D]renewable

  6.[A]In turn [B]In fact [C]In addition [D]In brief

  7.[A]opposite [B]impossible [C]average [D]expected

  8.[A]hardens [B]weakens [C]tightens [D]relaxes

  9.[A]aggravate [B]generate [C]moderate [D]enhance

  10.[A]physical [B]mental [C]subconscious [D]internal

  11.[A]Except for [B] According to [C] Due to [D] As for

  12.[A]with [B]on [C]in [D]at

  13.[A]unless [B]until [C]if [D]because

  14.[A]exhausts [B]follows [C]precedes [D]suppresses

  15.[A]into [B]from [C]towards [D]beyond

  16.[A]fetch [B]bite [C]pick [D]hold

  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited [C]joyful [D]indifferent

  18.[A]adapted [B]catered [C]turned [D]reacted

  19.[A]suggesting [B]requiring [C]mentioning [D]supposing

  20.[A]Eventually [B]Consequently [C]Similarly [D]Conversely